Research eyes Huntington's, Parkinson's treatment

By Communications Staff
January 08, 2014

Share this:View PDFPrinter Friendly

Western researchers have discovered a possible new target for treating movement disorders such as Huntington’s disease and Parkinson’s disease.

Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry professor  Stephen Ferguson, also a scientist at Western’s Robarts Research Institute, and Fabiola Ribeiro, of the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais in Brazil, found improvement in motor behaviours in a Huntington’s disease mouse model when one of the major neurotransmitters in the brain, called Metabotropic Glutamate Receptor 5 (mGluR5), was deleted.

The research is published online in Human Molecular Genetics.

Huntington’s disease is an inherited neurodegenerative disorder which causes uncontrolled movement, and eventually cognitive decline and emotional disturbances.

Working in the Ferguson lab, where Ribeiro was a postdoctoral trainee, the scientists crossed two mouse models – one without glutamate receptors, one a Huntington’s mouse model which over-expresses mutant human Huntington’s protein. 

The researchers found if they deleted mGluR5, they lost the pathology of Huntington’s in the neurons, and saw improvements in motor behavior, normally impaired in these mice.

“What we found was, if we block mGluR5, which is the glutamate receptor we’re interested in, the mice become hyper-locomotive. They become able to move better than wild type mice suggesting glutamate receptors might be a good target for treating movement disorders such as Parkinson’s disease. That was a bit of a surprise, and we can show that genetically and pharmaceutically,” said Ferguson, who holds a Canada Research Chair in Molecular Neurobiology.

“The good thing is, there are mGluR5 antagonists now in stage three clinical trials (for diseases such as Fragile X). So, it is quite possible these drugs will be available for patients in the future.”

The research was funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research.  


8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m.
(holidays excluded)


Helen Connell

Jason Winders

Paul Mayne

Adela Talbot

Advertising Coordinator:
Denise Jones

Off-Campus Advertising Sales:
Chris Amyot, Campus Ad



Western News
Westminster Hall
Suite 360
Western University
N6A 3K7

Western provides the best student experience among Canada's leading research-intensive universities.